Definitions of Racism

Definitions of Racism_Adverse Impact, Running From Empty Shoes, Quianna Canada

Adverse Impact

While disparate impact is a legal theory of liability under Title VII, adverse impact is one element of that doctrine, which measures the effect an employment practice has on a class protected by Title VII. In the Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures, an adverse impact is defined as a “substantially different rate of selection in hiring, promotion, or other employment decision which works to the disadvantage of members of a race, sex, or ethnic group.”.1)Uniform guidelines on employee selection procedures”. uniformguidelines.com. Retrieved November 14, 2007. Adverse impact. ”A substantially different rate of selection in hiring, promotion, or other employment decision which works to the disadvantage of members of a race, sex, or ethnic group. See section 4 of these guidelines. A “substantially different” rate is typically defined in government enforcement or Title VII litigation settings using the 80% Rule, statistical significance tests, and/or practical significance tests. Adverse impact is often used interchangeably with “disparate impact,” which was a legal term coined in one of the most significant U.S. Supreme Court rulings on disparate or adverse impact: Griggs v. Duke Power Co., 1971. Adverse Impact does not mean that an individual in a majority group is given preference over a minority group. However, having adverse impact does mean that there is the “potential” for discrimination in the hiring process and it could warrant investigation.2)Lawrence Ph.D., Amie (May 31, 2011). “The Big AI”. Select International, Inc.. Retrieved May 31st, 2011.

References   [ + ]

1. Uniform guidelines on employee selection procedures”. uniformguidelines.com. Retrieved November 14, 2007. Adverse impact. ”A substantially different rate of selection in hiring, promotion, or other employment decision which works to the disadvantage of members of a race, sex, or ethnic group. See section 4 of these guidelines.
2. Lawrence Ph.D., Amie (May 31, 2011). “The Big AI”. Select International, Inc.. Retrieved May 31st, 2011.

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